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  • Writer's pictureHopper's Garage Door Service

Torsion Spring vs. Coil Spring Garage Doors: Understanding the Differences

Garage doors typically use one of two spring systems: torsion springs or coil springs (also known as extension springs). Let's explore the differences between these two types and their respective advantages and disadvantages.

Torsion Spring

Torsion Spring Garage Doors:

Torsion springs are mounted horizontally above the garage door opening. They work by twisting and untwisting to generate the force needed to lift and lower the door.


1. Longer lifespan (typically 15,000 to 20,000 cycles)

2. Smoother and quieter operation

3. Better balance and control of the door

4. Safer, as they're less likely to snap unexpectedly

5. Take up less space


1. Higher initial cost

2. More complex installation, usually requiring professional help

3. Repairs can be more expensive

Coil Garage Door Spring

Coil Spring (Extension Spring) Garage Doors:

Coil springs are installed on either side of the door and stretch to create tension when the door is closed.


1. Lower initial cost

2. Easier to install and replace

3. Can be suitable for low-headroom garages


1. Shorter lifespan (typically 10,000 to 15,000 cycles)

2. More prone to wear and tear

3. Potentially dangerous if they snap, as they can whip around

4. Noisier operation

5. Less balanced door movement

Which is the Better Option?

While both systems have their merits, torsion spring garage doors are generally considered the better option for most homeowners. Despite the higher initial cost, torsion springs offer several advantages that make them a worthwhile investment:

1. Safety: Torsion springs are less likely to cause injury if they break.

2. Longevity: They last longer, reducing the frequency of replacements.

3. Performance: They provide smoother, quieter operation and better balance.

4. Space-efficiency: Torsion springs take up less space in your garage.

However, the choice ultimately depends on factors such as budget, garage configuration, and personal preferences. For smaller, lighter doors or in situations where cost is a primary concern, coil springs may still be a viable option. It's always best to consult with a professional garage door technician to determine the most suitable system for your specific needs.


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